Can I drink whole milk? Is white bread bad for me? Do I have to avoid everything deep-fried? A diabetes diagnosis can lead to a lot of questions related to diet, as it has to be closely watched to keep blood sugar levels in check. But apart from what foods to cut out of your meal plan, it’s important you know what to include in your diet, as that can help effectively manage the condition.

The basic principle of a diabetic diet is ensuring the right combination of all food groups in such a manner that there is a slow release of blood sugar post meals while incorporating all important nutrients. Here are some diet tips for diabetics :

More fibre

Fibre found in whole cereals like brown rice, whole wheat, lentils with skin, fruits and vegetables slows the rate of digestion and causes a steady release of glucose into the bloodstream. Reduce processed foods like biscuits, namkeen and white bread to a minimum. Snack on fruits and nuts and include a salad with both lunch and dinner. Try and have fruits and vegetables with skin, whenever possible.

Sufficient protein

Protein stimulates insulin release, which in turn helps control blood sugar. Lentils with skin, nuts and seeds, low fat dairy, chicken, fish, lean cuts of red meat and eggs are excellent options.

Eat moderate-sized portions

Large meals will lead to excess production of glucose in the body and eventually weight gain. A golden rule for diabetics is to eat on smaller plates as this encourages small servings. Switching the TV off while eating can also help you control the amount you eat.

Snack healthy

Snacks are helpful in curbing hunger pangs and keeping blood sugar levels stable. Fruits, nuts, roasted chana, boiled corn, boiled sweet potato and moong chaat are some healthy and wholesome snacking options. Keep the intake of packaged food to a minimum, as they are low in essential nutrients and high in calories.

Keep things versatile

A diabetic diet is a long-term lifestyle change which needs to incorporate flexibility a wide variety of nutritious foods. There are several myths associated with diabetes, one of them includes swearing off sugar and carbs, which is far from true. Clarify all your doubts by connecting with a Diabetes educator and ensure your diet is balanced and versatile.

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Written by Sumita Thomas

Sumita Thomas

For Sumita Thomas, good nutrition advice is less about what NOT to eat and all about HOW to eat. Armed with a master’s degree in clinical nutrition and dietetics from IGNOU, Sumita has worked with multi-specialty clinics and corporate clients, planning calorie-specific menus for their cafeterias. She’s also a certified diabetes educator, has worked in cardiac nutrition and is even a TUV-certified internal auditor for food safety management systems. Maybe that’s why she ensures her advice is always scientifically sound, which makes her a perfect fit for us at HealthifyMe. Of the belief that a healthy lifestyle can be achieved with the combination of a healthy mind, body and diet, Sumita recommends setting realistic goals – one health target a day – and gradually incorporating healthy ingredients to your daily diet. Does she practice what she preaches? For sure, and ensures all those around her do too. So get set, because that now includes you!

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  1. 1. No fruit juices or sugray beverages. None. No colas or sodas. No coffee with sugar.2. No empty calorie foods. No cookies. No cakes. No pastries. No doughnuts. No potato chips. No candy.3. Look up the healthy weight range for your height. Maintain your weight at the lower end of that range.4. Eat leafy greens with every meal. About half your meal should be the leafy greens. Yum.You’re going to have to exercise. A 10-15 minute walk right after a meal is good. Every meal. Immediately after (as in, the fork goes down, the feet are moving out the door).I have type 2 diabetes and took drugs for it for years. I now manage it through diet and exercise as long as I stick to the diet and exercise, I am effectively cured.